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What is ADHD?

ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is now the most common behavioral disorder that starts during childhood. However, people of all ages can suffer from ADHD. The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) estimates that 3% to 5% of children have ADHD. Some experts, though, say ADHD may occurs in 8% to 10% of school-aged children.

It is a chronic disorder with 30 to 50 percent of those individuals diagnosed in childhood continuing to have symptoms into adulthood. Adolescents and adults with ADHD tend to develop coping mechanisms to compensate for some or all of their impairments

Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD)

People with ADHD generally have problems paying attention or concentrating. They can't seem to follow directions and are easily bored or frustrated with tasks. They also tend to move constantly and are impulsive, not stopping to think before they act. These behaviors occur more often than usual compared with other children and are more severe in a child with ADHD to a point where it interferes with a child's ability to function at school and at home.

Children and adults with ADHD often get into trouble socially and in performance. They are very impulsive and often do not think carefully before taking action. They can be temperamental and unpredictable. Adults with ADHD may have difficulty with time management, organizational skills, goal setting, and employment. This often strains friendships and relationships.

Typically, people with ADHD do not cope well with stress and tend to feel anxious. Some do not show this outwardly but develop ways to escape by indulging in “relieving” behaviors such as watching TV or other “escaping behaviors”. This makes them prone to addiction and procrastination.

They cannot stay on a task for long and often finds it difficult to follow rules. This makes working with people with ADHD challenging. They usually deviate from plans and find it difficult to meet datelines. For school going children, completing homework and assignments are major problems they face. They seem to drain out mental energy very quickly and become mentally tired when on task.

Many ADHDs are smart and intelligent. They can be very creative. However, their inability to focus and stay on task often lead to poor performance and under-achievements. They often find it difficult to complete tests and examinations. This tends to lead to low self-esteem which can spiral into major social and behavioral problems.

Inattentive Type:

Hyperactive Type:

Impulsive Type:

Motor and Vocal Tics:

A small percentage of ADHD have tics, either motor or vocal or both. Motor tics are sudden jerks or parts of the body while vocal tics are sudden outburst of noises. These tics can usually be controlled and suppressed by the individual.

How is ADHD diagnosed?

Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is usually diagnosed based on a set of behavioral patterns. Behavioral patterns or symptoms for ADHD includes:

  1. Predominantly inattentive type

Symptoms of inattention have to be present for at least 6 months to a maladaptive degree  and greater than what would be expected, given the child/invidivdual’s age. For example, not listening well, easily distracted, and forgetful in daily activities.

  1. Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type

Hyperactivity-impulsivity symptoms must also be present for at least 6 months to a maladaptive degree  and greater than what would be expected, given the child/invidual’s age. For instance, squirming in seat, and running around inappropriately (restlessness in adults).

  1. Combined type

The combined symptoms of both (1) and (2).

Besides, the symptoms of ADHD must also be present in two or more settings, such as at home, school, or work. There must also be significant impairment in performance in social situations, school, or at work.

Interventions> ADHD Symptoms and Diagnosis

Developmental/Behavioral Conditions

Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD)

Symptoms and Diagnosis

Test and Assessments Interventions

Conventional Tests and Assessments

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Will my child outgrow ADHD?

Unfortunately not if their condition is left untreated.

Therapy and training can help people with ADHD to overcome the limitations imposed by the condition.

At Spectrum Learning, we have helped many ADHDs to overcome their limitations!

- Testimonials

Finding the Causes

Most clinicians do not bother about the causes as diagnosis is based on behavioral symptoms …   

At Spectrum Learning, we have been investigating the possible causes … Read more!

Symptoms & Diagnosis